Richard Bergmair's Publications

Bergmair, Richard. 2010. Monte Carlo Semantics: Robust Inference and Logical Pattern Processing with Natural Language Text.” Ph.D. thesis, Cambridge, England: University of Cambridge.

Bergmair, Richard. 2009. A Proposal on Evaluation Measures for RTE.” In Proceedings of the 2009 Workshop on Applied Textual Inference (TextInfer), 10–17. Suntec, Singapore: Association for Computational Linguistics.

Bergmair, Richard. 2008. McPIET at RTE-4: Robust Inference and Logical Pattern Processing Based on Integrated Deep and Shallow Semantics.” In Proceedings of the Text Analysis Conference (TAC ’08). NIST, Gaithersburg, MD.

Bergmair, Richard. 2007b. Some Notes on the Economics and Evaluation of Automatic Retrieval and Filtering of Communication Goods.” Invited address, SCCH, Hagenberg, Austria, September.

Bergmair, Richard. 2007a. A Comprehensive Bibliography of Linguistic Steganography.” In Proceedings of the SPIE International Conference on Security, Steganography, and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents IX, edited by Edward J. Delp and Ping Wah Wong. Vol. 6505. San Jose, CA: SPIE International Society for Optics and Photonics.

Bergmair, Richard. 2006. Closed Domain Question Answering Using Fuzzy Semantics.” M.Phil. thesis, Cambridge, England: University of Cambridge.

Bergmair, Richard, and Ulrich Bodenhofer. 2006. Syntax-Driven Analysis of Context-Free Languages with Respect to Fuzzy Relational Semantics.” In Proceedings of the 15th IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems, 2075–82. Vancouver, BC: IEEE.

Bergmair, Richard, and Stefan Katzenbeisser. 2005. Content-Aware Steganography: About Lazy Prisoners and Narrow-Minded Wardens.” In Proceedings of the 8th Information Hiding Conference, edited by Jan L. Camenisch, Christian S. Collberg, Neil F. Johnson, and Phil Sallee, 4437:109–23. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin: Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Bergmair, Richard, and Stefan Katzenbeisser. 2004. Towards Human Interactive Proofs in the Text-Domain.” In Proceedings of the 7th Information Security Conference, edited by Kan Zhang and Yuliang Zheng, 3225:257–67. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin: Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Bergmair, Richard. 2004c. Some Experimental Results on Feed-Forward Networks for Text Classification.”

Bergmair, Richard. 2004b. Towards Linguistic Steganography: A Systematic Investigation of Approaches, Systems, and Issues.” B.Sc. thesis, Leonding, Austria: University of Derby.

==> Steganographic systems provide a secure medium to covertly transmit information in the presence of an arbitrator. In linguistic steganography, in particular, machine-readable data is to be encoded to innocuous natural language text, thereby providing security against any arbitrator tolerating natural language as a communication medium.

So far, there has been no systematic literature available on this topic, a gap the present report attempts to fill. This report presents necessary background information from steganography and from natural language processing. A detailed description is given of the systems built so far. The ideas and approaches they are based on are systematically presented. Objectives for the functionality of natural language stegosystems are proposed and design considerations for their construction and evaluation are given. Based on these principles current systems are compared and evaluated.

A coding scheme that provides for some degree of security and robustness is described and approaches towards generating steganograms that are more adequate, from a linguistic point of view, than any of the systems built so far, are outlined. <==

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Bergmair, Richard. 2004a. Ethical Lessons Learned from Computer Science.” ACM Crossroads 10 (3): 6.

Bergmair, Richard. 2003. A Summary of Traditional Approaches to Natural Language Processing.” Diplom-HTL-Ingenieur thesis, Leonding, Austria: Höhere Technische Bundeslehranstalt Leonding.